Acne in Adults: Causes, Treatments and Health
Acne is a common skin condition often experienced by teenagers and young adults, but it can also occur in adulthood. Treatment for adult acne is similar to treatment for teen acne, but there are important differences to understand. Adults with acne may experience physical and emotional symptoms and can benefit from learning about the underlying causes and learning appropriate treatments.
What Causes Acne in Adults?
Acne in adults is caused primarily by excess oil production combined with blocked pores and bacteria. While acne in young adulthood is largely due to hormonal changes, adult acne is caused by certain lifestyle factors. These factors include:
- Lack of proper hygiene
- Diet high in processed foods
- Excessive caffeine consumption
- Overuse of cosmetics or facial products
- Environmental pollutants
How is Acne in Adults Treated?
Acne in adults can be managed through a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and good skin care. In general, treatments are divided into two main approaches:
- Topical treatments applied directly to the skin
- Oral medications, typically antibiotics or hormonal medications.
Your dermatologist may recommend a range of topical treatments such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, and azelaic acid. These can be used alone or in combination. Oral medications like antibiotics and hormonal agents may also be prescribed. In some cases, a dermatologist may inject corticosteroid medications directly into acne lesions.
How Can Health Be Impacted by Adult Acne?
Acne can have psychological and emotional impacts, including reduced self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. Adults who suffer from acne may also experience physical symptoms like skin irritation, pain, and scarring. Thus it is important to seek treatment for acne in order to help maintain overall health and wellbeing.
If you are suffering from adult acne, speak to your doctor or dermatologist about your treatment options. With proper care and treatment, it is possible to reduce and even eliminate adult acne.