What is Cystic Acne?
Cystic acne is a serious form of acne that can cause extensive damage to the skin, and is caused by an accumulation of sebum and dead skin cells within the follicular wall. Cystic acne can cause large, deep, red and tender bumps that can last for months or even years. It can affect any area of the body, but is most common on the face, chest, and back. Symptoms of cystic acne include pain, swelling, and redness. It can also cause increases in the production of oil and sebaceous glands.
What Causes Cystic Acne?
Cystic acne is triggered by a combination of factors, including hormone changes, medication side effects, poor diet, stress, and an overabundance of bacteria on the skin. Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during puberty or pregnancy, can cause sebum production to increase, resulting in clogged pores and cystic acne. Certain medications, such as steroids, can also increase the risk of cystic acne. Poor diet is another common cause of cystic acne, as certain foods can cause inflammation which can lead to an increase in sebum production. In some cases, stress can also be a trigger.
Treatment of Cystic Acne
Treatment for cystic acne typically involves a combination of topical medications and oral medications. Topical medications can help to reduce inflammation and kill bacteria. Commonly used topical medications include benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids. Oral medications, such as antibiotics or Accutane, can help reduce inflammation and decrease the amount of bacteria on the skin. In some cases, cystic acne may require more invasive treatments, such as laser treatments or steroid shots.
Preventing Cystic Acne
Preventing cystic acne can be difficult, but there are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing cystic acne. These steps include:
1. Keeping the Skin Clean
Keeping the skin clean is essential in preventing cystic acne. Cleansers containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can help reduce sebum production and keep the skin clean.
2. Eating a Healthy Diet
Eating a healthy diet can help to reduce inflammation and reduce the risk of cystic acne. Eating foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, can help to reduce inflammation.
3. Avoiding Certain Products
Avoiding certain products can also help to reduce the risk of cystic acne. Products with high concentrations of alcohol or fragrances should be avoided, as these can cause inflammation.
4. Controlling Stress Levels
Reducing stress levels can help to reduce the risk of cystic acne. Finding ways to relax and destress can help to prevent breakouts.
By following the steps above and seeking medical attention for cystic acne, the symptoms can be managed and future breakouts can be prevented. Cystic acne, acne, skin, sebum, hormones, inflammation, treatments are the most important keywords related to this article.