What is Hormonal Acne in Women?
Hormonal acne is a type of acne that is more common in women due to hormone fluctuations and imbalances, usually during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause, though it can occur at any age. Hormonal acne can cause inflamed spots or bumps on the face, neck, chest and back. Hormonal acne is often associated with elevated androgen levels and the acne can be aggravated by lifestyle factors such as stress, lack of sleep, poor diet and the use of certain cosmetics.
Symptoms of Hormonal Acne in Women
The most common symptom of hormonal acne in women is the growth of pustules (whiteheads and blackheads) along the chin, jaw line and cheeks. These bumps can range in size from small to large and may also appear on the neck, chest and back. Women with hormonal acne may also experience facial redness, swelling and tenderness.
Treatment Options and Health for Women with Hormonal Acne
The first step in treating hormonal acne is to make lifestyle changes to reduce stress, get more sleep, and eat a balanced and healthy diet. Women can also apply gentle, non-comedogenic skin care products and make sure to avoid harsh cleansers and scrubs.
Hormonal Acne Treatment
The most common treatment for hormonal acne is a combination of topical medications, oral medications and lifestyle changes. Topical medications can include antibiotics, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid to reduce inflammation and slow the production of new acne lesions.
Oral medications can also be prescribed to help regulate hormone levels and reduce the amount of oil produced by the skin. The most common oral medications are spironolactone, birth control pills and anti-androgens.
In addition, women can take health supplements such as probiotics, omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and antioxidants to improve their skin health and reduce inflammation. Finally, women suffering from hormonal acne should practice stress management techniques such as yoga, mindfulness and relaxation.
Hormonal acne is a common skin condition caused by hormonal imbalances, usually experienced by women during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. The most common symptoms include inflamed pustules on the face, neck, chest and back. Treatments for hormonal acne can include lifestyle changes, topical and oral medications, as well as health supplements such as probiotics, omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and antioxidants.