High blood pressure, or hypertension, can cause serious problems, including stroke and heart attack. Fortunately, there are oral medications available to help manage this condition. But many people are unsure which ones work and which are best for their overall health.
In this post, we’ll explore some of the most common oral medications for hypertension and discuss which ones are likely to be the best for your health.
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
ACE inhibitors are a type of drug used to treat high blood pressure. They work by stopping the angiotensin-converting enzyme from forming. This reduces the production of a hormone known as angiotensin, which causes vasoconstriction (the narrowing of your blood vessels).
By blocking this process, ACE inhibitors widen your blood vessels and lower your blood pressure. They are usually very effective in treating hypertension and are generally safe for most people to take.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
ARBs work similarly to ACE inhibitors, but they block the action of angiotensin II, rather than preventing its production. This also has the effect of widening your blood vessels and reducing your blood pressure.
If you’re having difficulty tolerating ACE inhibitors, then you may want to consider trying one of these medications, as they are sometimes better tolerated.
Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium channel blockers are also used to treat hypertension. They work by interfering with the transmission of calcium into the cells of your blood vessels, which can cause them to relax and widen.
These medications are generally safe and well-tolerated. The downside is that they can sometimes make you more susceptible to heart arrhythmias, so it’s important to be monitored for this.
Alpha- and Beta-Blockers
Alpha- and beta-blockers are drugs that act on the sympathetic nervous system. They work by blocking the effects of certain hormones, including norepinephrine and epinephrine. This has the effect of widening your blood vessels, reducing blood pressure, and slowing the heart rate.
These medications are often used to treat hypertension, but they can cause side effects such as dizziness or fatigue. So, if you’re considering taking one of these medications, make sure to talk to your doctor about the potential risks.
Oral medications can be an effective way to reduce your blood pressure and manage hypertension. However, it’s important to find one that works best for your body and is safe for your overall health. Talk to your doctor about which oral medications may be best for you.