The Science Behind Acne Vulgaris: How It Develops in the Skin

Science Behind

What Is Acne Vulgaris?

Acne Vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is an inflammatory skin condition that affects millions of people around the world. It causes areas of the skin to become inflamed, red and blemished, and can cause disfiguring cysts and painful nodules. It is the most common skin condition in the United States, with 80% of people between 11-30 years of age having some form of it.

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What Causes Acne Vulgaris?

Acne Vulgaris is not caused by any one single thing, rather, it is caused by a mix of factors. It is caused mainly by over-activity of the sebaceous glands in the skin, which produce excess oils that can clog the follicles and cause breakouts, as well as by an overproduction of skin cells and bacteria. These factors, along with genetics, hormones, diet, medications, and stress, can all play a role in the development and progression of acne.

How Does Acne Vulgaris Develop In The Skin?

When the sebaceous glands become overactive, they produce more oils than usual. This can cause the pores on the skin to become blocked, trapping bacteria, skin cells, and oil under the skin. This can cause blackheads, whiteheads and other smaller blemishes. If the bacteria continues to grow, it can cause inflammation and redness, and cause cysts and nodules to form.

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What Treatments Are Available?

There are a variety of treatments and medications available for acne. Topical treatments such as creams, gels, and ointments can reduce inflammation and help to clear up blemishes. Oral medications, such as antibiotics, can help to reduce bacteria and treat cysts and nodules. Laser treatments can also help treat deeper, more severe forms of acne.

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What Are The Health Effects Of Acne Vulgaris?

While acne primarily affects the skin, it can have lasting psychological and emotional effects. People who suffer from acne can experience low self-esteem, depression, and even social anxiety. It is important to seek treatment for acne to prevent scarring, but also to help improve mental health and quality of life.