What Causes Acne Scars and How to Prevent Them

Causes Scars


Acne scars can have a significant impact on a person’s mental and physical health. Acne scars are one of the unwelcome after-effects of acne, forming after inflammation of the skin tissue due to acne. Acne scars come from a combination of factors, including skin type, genetics, and the severity of the breakout. Even after healing, acne can leave behind scars, marks, pitting, and discoloration that can last a lifetime.

Types of Acne Scarring

The two primary types of acne scars are atrophic scars and hypertrophic scars.

  • Atrophic scars are small, thin indentations in the skin; for example, ice pick, rolling, and boxcar scars.
  • Hypertrophic scars are raised, red areas of skin, usually appearing on the abdomen, chest, and back.

Causes of Acne Scarring

Acne scars occur when acne isn’t treated quickly or properly. After the acne heals, the underlying skin tissue can become scarred.

  • Hormonal fluctuations, such as during puberty, pregnancy, or menstruation, can cause an increase in acne.
  • Greasy or oily skin
  • Using harsh chemicals or drying agents to treat acne
  • Inflammatory lesions, such as nodules, papules, and cysts, can damage the skin and cause scarring.

Preventing Acne Scarring

The best way to prevent acne scarring is to take steps to avoid triggering a severe outbreak of acne.

  • Choose gentle skin care products, such as mild cleansers and oil-free moisturizers.
  • Avoid the use of harsh chemicals and abrasives on the skin.
  • Eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Avoid touching or rubbing; the skin often.
  • Avoid squeezing or picking at pimples.
  • Try to keep stress levels under control.

Treatments and Home Remedies for Acne Scarring

There are several treatments available for acne scarring. Depending on the severity of the scarring, a dermatologist may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Topical creams to treat discoloration and improve the texture of the skin.
  • Microdermabrasion, a procedure that uses a diamond-tipped wand to gently exfoliate the top layer of skin.
  • Laser resurfacing to reduce the appearance of deeper scars.
  • Fillers to help fill in the depressions caused by acne scars.

In addition to medical treatments, there are also several home remedies that can help improve the appearance of acne scars.

  • Tea tree oil has antibacterial properties that can help reduce redness and inflammation.
  • Aloe vera gel can help soothe the skin and reduce redness.
  • Honey has antibacterial and moisturizing properties that can help reduce the appearance of scars.
  • Apple cider vinegar can help reduce the appearance of acne scars by gently exfoliating the skin.

Although acne scars can be difficult to treat, there are several treatments and home remedies available that can help reduce the appearance of scars and promote healthier, smoother skin. For severe cases, it’s best to seek the advice of a dermatologist. With proper treatment and self-care, it’s possible to reduce the appearance of acne scars and have healthier, smoother skin.

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