Sexually Transmitted Infections: Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s) can significantly affect people’s health. Common STI’s include Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes and HIV. Symptoms of STI’s can vary depending on the type, but can include genital sores, unusual discharge, burning sensation when urinating and flu-like symptoms.

Prevention

The best way to prevent STI’s is to practice safe sex and be in a mutually monogamous relationship. This includes using condoms when engaging in sexual activity and getting tested regularly. Abstaining from any and all sexual contact may also be an option.

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Treatment

Treatments for STI’s depend on the type of infection. Many, like Chlamydia, gonorrhea and herpes can be treated with antibiotics. HIV, however, cannot be cured and must be managed with treatments like antiretroviral therapy (ART). Prevention is key but getting tested is important in order to receive treatment and prevent further spreading of STI’s.

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Sexual Health

Having good sexual health means having the ability to recognize, access and exercise the right to enjoy sexuality in a mutually pleasurable and safe way. Healthy sexual relationships are all about the consent and communication between partners. This can include everything from talking about likes and dislikes, to discussing the type of contraception needed.

Engaging in good sexual health and practices also extends to protection against STI’s. This means getting tested regularly, discussing partners’ backgrounds and understanding the risks associated with various types of sex.

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In conclusion, it is important to understand the symptoms, prevention and treatment of STI’s and the importance of practicing good sexual health in order to stay safe and healthy.
Sexually Transmitted

Sources:

1. “Sexually Transmitted Infections”. NHS.. 18 May 2021. Accessed 22 June 2021. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/sexually-transmitted-infections/.

2. “Sexual Health”. Planned Parenthood. Accessed 22 June 2021. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sexual-health