The Connection Between Vascular Health and Blood Pressure

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The Vital Connection Between Blood Pressure and Vascular Health

High blood pressure (BP) can damage your cardiovascular system and impair your vascular health, but there is hope. By understanding what affects BP, and how it can be managed, you can help make sure that you stay healthy and your blood pressure remains at optimal levels.

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What Is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure refers to the force that the heart exerts on the walls of your arteries as it pushes the blood through them. When your BP is too high, it means that too much force is being exerted on the walls of your arteries. If your BP is too low, it can mean that not enough force is being applied, leading to inadequate circulation. High BP is referred to as hypertension, and low BP is referred to as hypotension.

Factors That Affect Blood Pressure

Having an understanding of the factors that affect BP can help you manage it better. Factors that can affect BP include lifestyle choices such as diet and exercise, stress, genetics, hormones, and medications.

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The Link Between Blood Pressure and Vascular Health

Having high BP can lead to damage in your arteries, which can cause stroke and heart attacks. Additionally, high BP can damage the endothelial cells that line the inside of your blood vessels, called endothelial dysfunction. This can lead to blood clots, inflammation, and an increased risk for atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.

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How to Manage Blood Pressure

If you have high BP, there are several things you can do to help manage it. These include lifestyle changes such as eating a heart-healthy diet, reducing salt intake, being physically active, and reducing stress. Additionally, your doctor may recommend medications.


Maintaining healthy blood pressure levels is essential for optimal vascular health. By taking the necessary steps to manage your BP, you can help keep your arteries healthy and your risk of stroke and heart attack lower.