Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances derived from testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and are often referred to as performance-enhancing drugs. Initially, anabolic steroids were developed and used as a form of medical treatment, but they have since become one of the most controversial aspects of athletic competition. This article will explore the history of anabolic steroids, their use in medicine, and the various health risks associated with them.
Early History of Anabolic Steroids
The use of anabolic steroids can be traced back to ancient Greece, where athletes ingested a combination of herbs and animal powers to increase their strength and performance in competitive events. However, the modern history of anabolic steroids began in the 1930s when scientists synthesized a form of testosterone from the urine of animals. This synthetic form of testosterone soon became commercially available and found its way into clinical use to treat conditions such as delayed male puberty and muscle wasting illnesses.
Medical Use of Anabolic Steroids
Anabolic steroids were initially used in medicine to treat a wide variety of conditions. In the 1940s, they were used extensively in the treatment of male health issues, such as hypogonadism and delayed puberty. Anabolic steroids were also used to treat a number of female health issues, such as breast cancer and endometriosis. By the 1950s, anabolic steroids were commonly prescribed as a form of hormone therapy for transgender individuals, helping to facilitate physical and psychological changes associated with transitioning genders.
Anabolic Steroids and Athletics
By the 1960s, anabolic steroids had become popular among athletes for their potential ability to enhance performance. This led to their widespread use in bodybuilding, weightlifting, and track and field competitions. In 1975, the International Olympic Committee officially banned the use of anabolic steroids from Olympic competition. Since then, the use of anabolic steroids in amateur and professional sports has been closely monitored and regulated. In 1988, the US Congress classified anabolic steroids as a Schedule III drug, making them illegal to possess without a valid prescription.
Health Risks Associated with Anabolic Steroids
There are several risks associated with the misuse and abuse of anabolic steroids. Long-term use can lead to psychiatric and physical health problems, such as muscle and joint pain, depression, aggression, and even obesity. Additionally, anabolic steroids are known to increase the risk of several organ and cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes. As a result, anabolic steroids are considered to be a dangerous and illegal substance in many countries.
The History of Anabolic Steroids: Conclusion
The history of anabolic steroids dates back centuries, though their modern-day form was developed in the 1930s. Initially used as a form of medical treatment, anabolic steroids were adopted as performance-enhancing substances by athletes in the 1960s. Since then, their use has been closely regulated, and anabolic steroids are now widely recognized as a controlled substance due to their associated health risks.
Keywords: Anabolic Steroids, Medical Treatment, Illegal Substance, Health, Synthetic Testosterone, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Hormone Therapy, Transgender, Olympic Competition, Risks, Muscle and Joint Pain, Depression, Aggression, Obestiy, Organ and Cardiovascular Diseases.