bad cholesterol

Understanding Bad Cholesterol (LDL)

Bad cholesterol, also known as LDL cholesterol, is a type of cholesterol found in your bloodstream. LDL cholesterol is produced naturally by the body and helps to create hormones, vitamin D and other substances that help keep your body functioning properly. However, too much LDL cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease.

What is LDL Cholesterol?

LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein and is the major cholesterol carrier in the bloodstream. LDL cholesterol transports cholesterol molecules—including triglycerides and other fatty particles—from the liver to where it is needed in the body.

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Normal LDL cholesterol levels

According to the National Institute of Health guidelines, a healthy LDL cholesterol level is below 100mg/dL. Anything over 130mmg/dL is considered high or bad LDL cholesterol.

Risk Factors

Factors that can increase your risk of high cholesterol include:

  • Age – as you get older, your cholesterol levels can increase
  • Gender – men tend to have higher cholesterol than women
  • Family History – if your family has a history of heart disease, you may be more likely to have high cholesterol
  • Diet – diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol can raise cholesterol levels

How to Lower Bad Cholesterol

If you have high LDL cholesterol levels, there are steps you can take to lower it.

  • Exercise – regular physical activity can help to lower bad cholesterol levels
  • Eat Healthy – a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help lower bad cholesterol
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight – being overweight can increase your risk of high cholesterol, so maintaining a healthy weight is important


High LDL cholesterol levels can put you at risk of heart disease. To keep your bad cholesterol levels low, it is important to exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet, and maintain a healthy weight. Being aware of your LDL cholesterol levels is an important step in protecting your health.

Keywords: Bad Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, LDL, Normal Levels, Risk Factors, Lowering Bad Cholesterol, Heart Disease

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