Cholesterol-Lowering Medications: Types and Side Effects

Cholesterol-Lowering Medications

What are Cholesterol-Lowering Medications?

Cholesterol-lowering medications, also known as statins, are medications prescribed by a healthcare professional to treat high levels of cholesterol in the blood. They are used to reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other heart-related problems for people with certain risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease.

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Types of Cholesterol-Lowering Medications

The most common types of cholesterol-lowering medications are statins. These medications work by blocking the enzyme in the liver responsible for producing cholesterol. Other types of cholesterol-lowering medications include bile acid sequestrants, niacin, fibrates, and others.

Side Effects of Cholesterol-Lowering Medications

Although cholesterol-lowering medications can help reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems, they may also come with some side effects. Common side effects can include muscle pain, nausea, digestive system problems, and headache. Less common side effects can include liver damage, allergic reaction, and bleeding. It is important to speak with your healthcare provider to discuss the potential risks and benefits of taking cholesterol-lowering medication.

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Health Benefits of Cholesterol-Lowering Medications

Taking cholesterol-lowering medication can help reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other heart-related problems. When taken as prescribed and in addition to other lifestyle factors such as exercise, a healthy diet, and not smoking, cholesterol-lowering medications can significantly reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This can help improve overall health and well-being.