high ldl cholesterol

What is High LDL Cholesterol?

High LDL cholesterol is a type of blood cholesterol in which too much of a particular cholesterol known as low-density lipoprotein or LDL is present in the body. LDL cholesterol is known as the ‘bad cholesterol’ because it carries most of the cholesterol to the arteries, where it can build up and form a substance called atheroma which can narrow and weaken the artery walls.

See also  bad cholesterol

Causes of High LDL Cholesterol

The two primary causes of high cholesterol are lifestyle and genetic factors. Eating fats such as fried foods and those high in saturated fat can increase LDL cholesterol levels. Additional lifestyle factors that can contribute to high cholesterol are smoking, getting little to no exercise and being overweight or obese. If one or more of your family members has high cholesterol, you may be at a higher risk.

Symptoms of High LDL Cholesterol

High LDL cholesterol usually has no signs or symptoms. The only way to know if you have high LDL cholesterol is to have a blood test.

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Treatment for High LDL Cholesterol

Treatment for high LDL cholesterol typically starts with lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and exercising. Your doctor may also recommend medication such as statins to help lower your cholesterol levels.

Tips to Lower LDL Cholesterol Levels

  • Eat healthy fats: Choose heart-healthy fats, such as plant-based omega-3 fatty acids, which can help reduce LDL cholesterol.
  • Get active: Aim for a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity each day. Exercise is essential for maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.
  • Avoid added sugar: Eat fewer processed and packaged foods that contain added sugars.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking has a negative effect on all cholesterol levels.
  • Control your weight: Being overweight or obese can cause a dramatic increase in LDL cholesterol levels.

High LDL cholesterol is a serious health problem, but it can be managed and even reversed with lifestyle changes and, if necessary, medication. It is important to talk to your doctor about your own risk factors and the best way to lower your LDL cholesterol levels. Keywords: High LDL Cholesterol, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Lifestyle Changes.

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