total cholesterol normal range


Total Cholesterol Normal Range

Total cholesterol is an important factor in assessing overall cardiovascular health. It is essential to understand the normal range of total cholesterol and identify any changes that could signal the need for medical care.

What Is Total Cholesterol?

Total cholesterol is a measure of all lipids or fats found in the body. It is made up of two substances: low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). LDL is the “bad” cholesterol, and it is associated with a greater risk of heart disease and stroke. HDL is the “good” cholesterol and it helps remove fat from the artery walls.

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Total Cholesterol Normal Ranges

The normal total cholesterol ranges for adults are as follows:

  • Desirable: 200 mg/dL or lower
  • Borderline high: 200-239 mg/dL
  • High: 240 mg/dL or higher

These figures refer to total cholesterol numbers obtained from a blood test called a lipid panel.

What Can Affect Total Cholesterol Levels?

A number of factors can have an impact on total cholesterol levels. These include:

  • Diet: Eating a diet high in saturated fats, trans fats and cholesterol can raise cholesterol levels.
  • Weight: Excess weight can increase LDL levels and lower HDL levels.
  • Physical activity: Exercise can help reduce LDL levels and raise HDL levels.
  • Smoking: Smoking can raise LDL and decrease HDL levels.
  • Alcohol: Drinking alcohol in excess can raise triglyceride levels.

Keeping Total Cholesterol in a Normal Range

It is important to maintain total cholesterol within a desirable range. The following actions can help keep cholesterol levels in the normal range:

  • Eat a heart-healthy diet that is low in saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol.
  • Maintain a healthy weight by balancing calorie intake and physical activity.
  • Quit smoking or do not start smoking in the first place.
  • Limit alcohol consumption to no more than one to two drinks per day for men, and one drink per day for women.
  • Get regular physical activity.

It is important to consult a doctor if any changes in the total cholesterol normal range are observed. With regular monitoring and sticking to a healthy lifestyle, total cholesterol can be managed.

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