frontal fibrosing alopecia

What Is Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia?

Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) or frontal fibrosing scalp disease (FFSD) is a form of hair loss that affects post-menopausal women, although there are cases of it occurring in men and women of younger ages. Characterized by the gradual loss of hair in the front of the scalp, FFA can ultimately lead to baldness.

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What Are the Symptoms of Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia?

The primary symptoms of FFA are:

  • Gradual hair loss around the perimeter of the hairline and along the eyebrows
  • Redness and inflammation of the affected areas
  • Itchy scalp with scaling
  • Patches of yellow, waxy skin

What Causes Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia?

The exact cause of FFA is unknown, although many experts believe an immune system response to a combination of genetics and environmental trigger factors may be to blame. Additionally, FFA may cause an autoimmune response, wherein the body’s immune system attacks its own cells, leading to inflammation and hair loss.

How Is Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia Treated?

Treatment for FFA focuses on reducing the inflammation and scalp irritation that leads to hair loss. Treatment options may include:

  • Topical steroids: Steroid creams can help reduce scalp inflammation and may even help hair regrow.
  • Oral medications: A course of oral antibiotics such as doxycycline can reduce scalp inflammation.
  • Immunosuppressants: In more extreme cases, FFA may require a prescription for an immunosuppressant medication.

Preventing Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

The best way to prevent FFA is to maintain a healthy lifestyle and take measures to manage stress. Additionally, individuals with a family history of FFA should have regular checkups with a dermatologist to check for signs of the condition.

Keywords: frontal fibrosing alopecia, FFA, hair loss, scalp inflammation, treatment, immunosuppressants, doxycycline.

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