Nutritional deficiencies and their link to chronic diseases

Nutritional deficiencies

Nutritional Deficiencies and Their Link to Chronic Diseases

When it comes to chronic diseases and overall health, nutrition plays a major role. Nutritional deficiencies are likely to increase the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Due to unhealthy dietary habits, people are becoming more and more prone to nutritional deficiencies.

Iron Deficiency

Iron deficiency is a common nutritional deficiency and is considered an “hidden hunger” due to its widespread prevalence. Iron deficiency anemia can cause fatigue and weakness, an increased risk of infection, and impaired cognitive function. Long-term iron deficiency can increase the risk of chronic illnesses, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, and certain types of cancer.

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Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is an increasingly common nutritional deficiency in adults. It is linked with an increased risk of respiratory infections, osteoporosis, and a higher risk of developing cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes. Vitamin D deficiency has also been associated with an increased risk for certain types of cancer, such as prostate and colon cancer.

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Folate Deficiency

Folate and folic acid are B vitamin, necessary for the production of DNA, cell growth, and the development of red blood cells. Folate deficiency is associated with an increased risk for neural tube defects in infants, as well as megaloblastic anemia, and an increased risk of cognitive deficits and certain cancers in adults.

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Conclusion

Nutritional deficiencies can be a major contributor to chronic diseases and poor health. To prevent nutritional deficiencies, it is important to follow a healthy and balanced diet, to supplement any deficiencies with vitamins and minerals, and to get regular check-ups to monitor your nutritional status. By doing this, you can help lower your risk of illnesses and optimize your health.

Keywords: Nutritional Deficiencies, Chronic Diseases, Iron Deficiency, Vitamin D Deficiency, Folate Deficiency, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer Risk, Healthy Diet