Use content on Technical research topic Telogen Effluvium in Women
What Is Telogen Effluvium in Women?
Telogen effluvium (TE) is a disorder of the hair cycle that can lead to excessive shedding of hair in women. It is a condition in which the hair follicles enter into a resting phase and do not replace the shed hair, leading to a diffuse thinning of the scalp. TE can be acute or chronic and is usually found in younger women. It is estimated that approximately 10% of women ages 18 to 45 suffer from TE at some point.
What Are the Causes of Telogen Effluvium in Women?
The exact cause of telogen effluvium in women is not completely clear; however, it is believed to be related to hormonal, nutritional, and metabolic changes. Hormonal changes related to childbirth, menopause, and other hormonal disturbances can lead to TE, because changes in hormone levels can disrupt the normal cycle of growth and resting in the hair follicles. Poor nutrition and low iron levels can also trigger TE. Similarly, any metabolic disturbance from conditions such as diabetes and thyroid disorders and certain medications can also cause TE.
What Are the Treatments for Telogen Effluvium in Women?
The first step in treating telogen effluvium in women is to determine and address the underlying causes. Women should be assessed for hormonal, nutritional, and metabolic abnormalities and be treated accordingly. If TE was triggered by a medication, the medication should be stopped or changed. Iron supplements may be prescribed if it is found that the woman is iron deficient.
The second step in treating TE is to promote hair regrowth. Myo-inositol supplements have been found to be helpful in promoting hair regrowth in women with TE. Platelet-rich plasma injection therapy (PRP) has also been found to be useful in treating TE in women.
What Is the Health Prognosis for Women with Telogen Effluvium?
Telogen effluvium is usually a temporary condition that resolves when the underlying causes are resolved. Women with TE should see an improvement in their hair density within three to six months. With the proper treatment, women with TE should be able to restore their pre-TE hair density.