Telogen Effluvium vs. Alopecia Areata: What’s the Difference?

When it comes to hair loss and health, two of the most common conditions are Telogen Effluvium (TE) and Alopecia Areata (AA). While they are both health conditions, they have different causes, symptoms and treatments.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium (TE) is a condition in which hair follicles enter into a dormant state. This can be caused by physical or emotional stress, a hormonal change, or a medical condition. TE usually occurs after a stressful event, like childbirth, a serious illness, drastic weight loss, and other major lifestyle changes.

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The most common symptom of TE is severe shedding. However, it is also possible for hair to thin all over the scalp or to recede in certain areas. This can lead to patches of baldness or thinning hair on the scalp.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata (AA) is an autoimmune condition that causes patchy hair loss and can sometimes lead to baldness. It usually begins with coin-sized and smooth, bald patches on the scalp, which can spread to other areas of the face and body.

AA is thought to be caused by an overactive immune system attacking healthy hair follicles, which leads to bald patches. While the exact cause is unknown, it is believed to be related to stress, genetics and hormones.

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Treatment

Treatment for both TE and AA depends on the severity of the hair loss. The most common treatment for both is the use of topical minoxidil or corticosteroids, which can be used to promote hair growth.

Surgery is also an option for both conditions, but it is not always effective in treating hair loss. In some cases, surgery can be combined with medication or other treatments, such as stem cell transplants and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy.

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Conclusion

When it comes to hair loss and health, Telogen Effluvium (TE) and Alopecia Areata (AA) are two common conditions. TE is generally caused by physical or emotional stress, whereas AA is thought to be caused by an overactive immune system. Treatment for both conditions usually involves medication and other therapies. It’s important to speak with a doctor to determine the best course of treatment for each condition.