How does the PAA model define infancy and early childhood?
Overview of Human Life and Health
Humans have a unique and complex life cycle that consists of various stages with varying physical and mental health. From birth to death, there are different phases of life where individuals experience growth and development, structural and functional changes, and associated health impacts.
The different stages of human life and health include infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and older age. Each one of these stages is associated with specific developmental tasks, as well as physical and mental health changes. Let’s take a closer look at each of these phases:
The infancy stage occurs from birth to two years of age and is characterized by rapid physical and brain development. During this stage, infants rely heavily on external stimuli from their caregivers in order to develop social and emotional abilities. Some of the physical health concerns during infancy include immunizations, nutrition, and growth patterns.
The childhood stage occurs from two to twelve years of age and is characterized by physical growth, motor skill development, and cognitive development. It is during this stage that children learn more complex skills, such as problem-solving, thinking, and abstract reasoning. Physical health concerns during childhood include preventive health care and nutrition.
The adolescence stage occurs from twelve to twenty years of age and is characterized by rapid physical and sexual changes that mark the transition from childhood to adulthood. It is common for adolescents to experience physical, mental, and emotional changes during this stage. Physical health concerns during adolescence include reliable health education, preventive health screenings, and access to health care services.
The adulthood stage occurs from twenty to sixty-five years of age and is characterized by physical and mental maturity, as well as the onset of chronic conditions. In adulthood, individuals are expected to take control of their own health and lead an independent lifestyle. Physical health concerns during adulthood include nutrition, exercise, preventive health screenings, and access to health care services.
5. Older Age
The older age stage occurs from sixty-five and up and is characterized by physical, cognitive, and sensory declines. Health concerns during this stage include chronic diseases, preventive care, and access to health care services. It is important for individuals in this stage to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to manage their health.
Humans experience different stages of life and health throughout their life cycle. These phases have specific associated developmental tasks, physical health concerns, and mental health concerns. It is important to be aware of these phases and health concerns in order to ensure optimal physical and mental well-being.