what are hemorrhoids

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common medical condition where veins of the anus and rectum become swollen and inflamed. Hemorrhoids can form inside or outside the rectum, making them either internal or external.

Common Symptoms

The most common symptom of hemorrhoids is painless rectal bleeding during a bowel movement. Other symptoms include:

  • Pain, itching, or burning around the anus
  • Swelling near the anus
  • A lump near the anus which may be sensitive or painful
  • Leaking feces

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of hemorrhoids is unknown, but there are several risk factors which can contribute to their development. These include being overweight, straining on the toilet, chronic constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, and eating a low-fiber diet.

Treatment Options

Hemorrhoid treatment includes using creams and ointments, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery. Lifestyle changes that can help include drinking lots of fluids, eating fiber-rich foods to prevent constipation, and avoiding prolonged sitting on the toilet. The most common treatments for hemorrhoids are corticosteroid creams and warm baths. Surgery is an option for more severe cases.


The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to eat a high-fiber diet, drink plenty of water, exercise regularly, and avoid straining when having a bowel movement. Reducing the amount of time spent on the toilet and avoiding lifting heavy objects can also help prevent hemorrhoids.

When it comes to hemorrhoids, it is important to know the symptoms, causes, treatments, and prevention measures, so that you can get the best treatment and reduce the chances of a recurrence.

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