anal hemorrhoids

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. They are common, and usually not serious.

What Causes Anal Hemorrhoids?

Anal hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure around the anus and in the lower rectal area. This can be due to chronic constipation, straining to have a bowel movement, pregnancy, and childbirth. Other factors that can put extra pressure on the anus or the rectum include obesity, sitting or standing for long periods of time, and chronic diarrhea.

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Signs and Symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of anal hemorrhoids include:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements
  • Irritation and itching around the anus
  • Pain or discomfort around the anus
  • Swollen lumps around the anus


Hemorrhoids can usually be diagnosed from a physical examination, which may include a digital rectal examination. Your doctor may also use a scope to look inside the anus and rectum for swollen veins.

Treating Anal Hemorrhoids

Non-Surgical Treatments:

  • Lifestyle changes, such as increasing fiber and fluid intake, exercising, and avoiding sitting for long periods of time
  • Topical creams or ointments to reduce pain and itching
  • Medication to reduce swelling and irritation

Surgical Treatments:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy, a procedure to remove the hemorrhoids
  • Laser or infrared coagulation, a procedure to burn away the hemorrhoids
  • Sclerotherapy, a procedure to inject a chemical solution into the hemorrhoids to make them shrink


To reduce your risk of getting anal hemorrhoids, there are several things that you can do, such as:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Eating foods high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Exercising regularly
  • Going to the bathroom when you feel the urge, rather than waiting

In conclusion, anal hemorrhoids are commonly caused by increased pressure in the lower rectal area. Symptoms include painless bleeding during bowel movements, irritation, and itching. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, topical creams or ointments, medications, and surgery. To reduce your risk of getting anal hemorrhoids, it is important to drink plenty of fluids, eat foods high in fiber, exercise regularly, and go to the bathroom when you feel the urge.

Keywords: Anal Hemorrhoids, Hemorrhoids, Piles, Constipation, Straining, Rectum, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, Dietary Changes, Exercise.

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