SACROILIAC JOINT PAIN
Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain is a common source of low back and leg pain and can become progressively worse without proper treatment. The sacroiliac joint is located between two bones—the sacrum, which is part of the lower spine, and the iliac, which is part of the pelvis. It controls the motion between the spine and pelvis, making it an integral part of the spine’s stability. When it’s out of balance, problems can occur, resulting in pain and dysfunction.
Sacroiliac joint pain typically starts in the lower back and may radiate down the hips and buttocks. Pain may also travel up to the lower legs. You may feel sharp or dull aches and may experience sudden stabbing pains. In some cases, signs of inflammation and warming sensation can be felt in the affected area.
Sacroiliac joint pain can be triggered by many conditions, including osteoarthritis, injury, pregnancy, and herniated disc. Excessive activity and improper form when lifting, twisting and bending can also cause sacroiliac joint irritation.
Sacroiliac joint pain typically resolves within six weeks using conservative treatments, including:
- Ice – Ice packs can be used three times a day for 25 minutes to reduce inflammation and pain.
- Rest/Modified Activity – Avoid activities that increase SI joint pain and discomfort. Try gentle exercises such as swimming, cycling and walking.
- Medication – Over-the-counter or prescribed medications can help reduce pain and inflammation.
- Physical Therapy – Physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles around the joint and improve flexibility.
- Chiropractic Care – Chiropractors use a variety of techniques to adjust the SI joint and alleviate pain.
If conservative treatments fail to alleviate sacroiliac joint pain, surgery may be necessary. During the surgery, SI joint fusion is used to stabilize the joint, creating a single, solid bone from the two separate bones.
To prevent sacroiliac joint pain, practice proper lifting techniques and avoid lifting heavy objects. Also, wear supportive shoes and maintain good posture. To keep the muscles around the joint strong and flexible, engage in regular exercise and stretching.
Sacroiliac joint pain, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment options, Surgery, Prevention.