Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Tendinitis

Understanding Causes

and Health

Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon, a thick band of tissue that connects muscle to bone. Tendinitis is often caused by repetitive strain injuries and overuse of the muscles and tendons or by direct impact or injury. This condition can affect any tendon in the body, but is most common in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, thumb, knee, hip, heel, and Achilles tendon.

Common Symptoms of Tendinitis

The most common symptom of tendinitis is pain near the affected tendon. This pain can range from mild and localised to severe, depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Other symptoms of tendinitis may include:

  • Swelling – swelling around the affected area often occurs as a result of inflammation.
  • Tenderness – the affected area of the tendon may be very tender to the touch.
  • Stiffness – around the injured tendon, movement may be difficult or uncomfortable.
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What Causes Tendinitis?

Tendinitis is often caused by activities that involve repetitive strain injuries, such as:

  • Sports – any sport that involves throwing or striking may cause tendinitis.
  • Overuse – doing the same motion with the same muscle and tendon over and over again can cause inflammation and pain.
  • Injury – direct impact on a tendon or muscle can cause tendinitis.
  • Stress – although not common, severe stress can cause tendinitis.

Health Consequences of Tendinitis

If left untreated, tendinitis can lead to further complications, including:

  • Tendon rupture – in some cases, tendinitis can cause the tendon to rupture, which can be very painful and require medical attention.
  • Joint instability – when the shoulder tendon is damaged or inflamed, instability can occur, resulting in pain and limited mobility.
  • Deformity – if the condition is severe and left untreated, it can cause deformity in the affected joint.

Tendinitis can be very painful and uncomfortable, and can interfere with everyday activities. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have this condition, so that the proper treatment can be applied.

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Treating Tendinitis

Treatment for tendinitis may vary depending on the cause of the condition. Generally, treatment can include:

  • Resting – Resting the affected tendon is important in order to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Applying cold packs – Applying cold packs to the affected area can help reduce swelling and pain.
  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can help reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises – Stretching and strengthening exercises can help improve the flexibility of the tendon and strengthen the muscles around it.

If the condition is severe, other treatments such as physical therapy or steroid injections may be recommended. Surgery may also be necessary if the condition does not respond to conservative treatments.

Preventing Tendinitis

The best way to prevent tendinitis is to take precautions in order to avoid activities that put undue strain on the tendons. This can include:

  • Stretching – stretching before and after physical activity can help reduce the risk of tendon strain.
  • Using proper form – using proper form when engaging in physical activities can reduce the risk of injury.
  • Using proper attire – wearing the proper attire such as supportive shoes and gloves can help protect the tendons.
  • Taking regular breaks – taking regular breaks from strenuous activities can help reduce the risk of strain.
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By following these simple steps, the risk of tendon inflammation and injury can be significantly reduced.


Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon that can cause pain and stiffness. The symptoms, causes, and health consequences of tendinitis can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Treatment for tendinitis may include rest, applying cold packs, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, stretching and strengthening exercises, and in severe cases, surgery. It is important to take the proper precautions to prevent tendinitis in order to reduce the risk of injury.