early menopause

What is Early Menopause?

Early Menopause, also known as Premature Menopause, is an experience of menopausal symptoms before the age of 40. It occurs due to a decrease in estrogen production, leading to the cessation of reproductive functions and the onset of other physical and emotional symptoms of menopause. While any woman can go through early menopause, early menopause is more common in women who smoke cigarettes, have had chemotherapy or radiation treatments, or have certain genetic conditions.

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Early Menopause Symptoms

The common symptoms of early menopause are similar to those in natural menopause, which occur around the age of 50. These include:

  • Hot flashes
  • Mood swings
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Loss of libido
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Irregular periods
  • Weight gain
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Depression and/or anxiety

Diagnosis of Early Menopause

Early menopause is diagnosed through physical examination and blood tests to measure hormone levels. The blood tests measure levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estrogen. High levels of FSH and LH, and low levels of estrogen indicate early menopause.

Treatment for Early Menopause

The main treatment for early menopause is estrogen replacement therapy. Estrogen therapy can help to relieve hot flashes, improve libido, and improve other physical symptoms associated with menopause. Estrogen replacement therapy may also help to prevent osteoporosis, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, and improve vaginal health. Other treatments, such as lifestyle changes and psychological support, can also help manage the symptoms of early menopause.

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