What is Male Menopause?
Male menopause, also known as andropause, is an endocrine system disorder characterized by symptoms of fatigue, depression and declining testosterone levels. It’s estimated that andropause effects up to 10 million aging men in the United States. Although the symptoms of andropause can be similar to those of natural aging and can happen in other circumstances, experts suggest that fluctuations in hormone levels were the primary cause of male menopause.
What Causes Male Menopause?
The primary cause of male menopause is decreased levels of the androgen hormones, primarily testosterone. This decline of testosterone is due to aging processes such as reduced testicular function, a decrease in number of the important sperm particles, and changes to the levels of luteinizing hormones in the male body.
Signs and Symptoms of Male Menopause
- Hot flashes
- Low libido
- Night sweats
- Weight gain
Less Common Symptoms
- Loss of muscle mass
- Decreased bone density
- Memory problems
- Decreased alertness
- Reduced beard and facial hair growth
Diagnosis and Treatment
Doctors will diagnose andropause using blood tests of total testosterone levels. Treatment can include testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), lifestyle modifications such as exercise, diet, and rest, and psychological therapies.
Male Menopause Prevention
Unfortunately, it’s impossible to prevent andropause since it is ultimately caused by biological aging. However, some of the symptoms can be managed and minimized by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This includes exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and getting enough rest.
Keywords: male menopause, andropause, testosterone, fatigue, depression, treatment, prevention.