The Symptoms of Menopause: What to Expect

Symptoms Menopause

and Health

Menopause is a normal part of aging for women, typically occurring between ages 40-60. It marks the end of the reproductive period and is typically indicated by the end of a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle. Menopausal symptoms can vary from woman to woman and can range from mild to severe in intensity. These symptoms can include:

Hot Flashes

Most commonly associated with menopause, hot flashes can occur when blood vessels near the skin’s surface dilate and cause a sudden rise in body temperature. Hot flashes can cause facial flushing, sweating, and be uncomfortable or embarrassing.

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Mood Changes

Mood swings, increased anxiety and depression can be common symptoms experienced during menopause. It’s important to remember that these feelings are normal and should pass with time.

Vaginal and Urinary Changes

Lowered estrogen levels can lead to thinning of the delicate tissue in the vagina and can cause vaginal dryness, itching and burning. Lowered estrogen levels can also lead to more frequent and urgent need to urinate and can cause urinary tract infections.

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Sleep disruption

Hot flashes, which can occur throughout the night, can cause sleep disruption, mood swings and tiredness during the day. It is important to practice good sleep hygiene to get the best night’s rest possible.

Weight Gain

With age, women’s metabolism begins to slow and it can become more difficult to maintain a healthy weight. Following a healthy diet and some form of exercise can minimize impact of menopause-related weight gain.

Managing Menopausal Symptoms

Though these symptoms of menopause can be uncomfortable and difficult to manage, there are options available to minimize their effects. Working with your healthcare provider to plan a treatment strategy is the best way to manage menopausal symptoms.

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Under a healthcare provider’s supervision, lifestyle modifications, like eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise, can help to reduce these symptoms and improve overall health. Additionally, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can help to minimize menopausal symptoms and replenish lost hormones.

Menopause is a normal part of aging for women, but that doesn’t mean you have to suffer through the effects alone. Working with your healthcare provider to create a customized plan to address menopausal symptoms is the best way to ensure your health and comfort.