How to Interpret Bone Density Test Results: What Your Scores Mean

Interpret Density

Understanding Bone Density Test Results: What Your Scores Mean and Health Outcomes

Bone density test results provide a comprehensive evaluation of your bone health. Knowing your bone density score and understanding the implications it has for your long-term health are essential for living a healthy life and avoiding risks associated with low bone density.

What is a Bone Density Test?

A bone density test or DXA scan, is a type of x-ray used to measure bone mineral density (BMD) and estimate the strength of your bones. A DXA scan can show if you’re at higher risk for osteoporosis or fractures related to bone density loss.

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Understanding Your Bone Density Score

Your bone density score, also known as a T-score, helps to identify your risk for osteopenia or osteoporosis. The T-score is calculated by comparing your bone density to that of a healthy 30-year-old of the same sex.

Your T-score will be one of these three categories – normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis:

  • Normal T-score, meaning you have a higher bone density than the average individual.
  • Osteopenia T-score, meaning you are at moderate risk for osteoporosis and fractures.
  • Osteoporosis T-score, meaning you are at high risk for osteoporosis and fractures.

and Health Outcomes

If your bone density score is normal: You have no sign of abnormal bone loss. Regular exercise, proper nutrition, and correct medication can help maintain or increase your bones’ health over time.

If your bone density score is osteopenia: You have a moderately increased risk of developing osteoporosis. In most cases, certain lifestyle adjustments such as engaging in weight-bearing exercises, medication, and dietary changes can help prevent further bone loss and improve bone density.

If your bone density score is osteoporosis: You’re at a high risk of fractures due to weak bones. In this case, it is important to take immediate action to improve bone strength. Speak to your doctor today to formulate an appropriate treatment plan to slow down bone loss, reduce pain, prevent further injury, and improve bone density.


Interpreting bone density test results isn’t often easy, as your health depends on adequate bone health. However, understanding your bone density score, along with making the right lifestyle and dietary changes, can help you live a healthier, happier life. If you have any questions, concerns, or would like to discuss your bone density test results further, please do not hesitate to contact your doctor for support.