Everything You Need to Know About Low Testosterone
Low testosterone, also known as “low-T,” is a condition in which a man’s testosterone levels arebelow the normal range of 300 to 1,000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). Testosterone is a hormone that plays a key role in the development of male characteristics and sex drive.
Low testosterone can have a big impact on a man’s life. Here are the most common symptoms of low-T:
Common Symptoms of Low Testosterone
- Decreased sex drive
- Erectile dysfunction
- Low energy levels
- Mood changes
- Reduced muscle mass
- Weight gain
- Physical changes, such as more body fat, smaller testicles, and baldness
What Causes Low Testosterone?
The main cause of low testosterone is age; testosterone levels naturally decrease as men get older. Other causes can be health conditions such as obesity, chronic diseases, or sleep deprivation. Low testosterone can also be caused by certain medications, including steroids and opiates.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Testosterone
A physician will diagnose low-T with a physical exam and blood tests. If a low testosterone level is confirmed, the doctor may recommend testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) or lifestyle changes. TRT involves injections, patches, gels, and solutions that may increase testosterone levels.
Risks of Low Testosterone
Men with low testosterone may face several long-term risks. Low-T can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and death. It can also increase the risk of osteoporosis, prostate cancer, and cognitive decline.
Low testosterone can cause a variety of symptoms, including decreased sex drive and erectile dysfunction. The main cause of low-T is age, but it can also be caused by certain medications and health conditions. A doctor can diagnose low-T with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment options include lifestyle changes and testosterone replacement therapy. Low testosterone can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, death, prostate cancer, and more.
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