Sperm Count and Health: What Every Man Should Know

Sperm Count

Male fertility and sexual health is affected by sperm count, which is the amount of sperm produced per ejaculate. Having a low sperm count can significantly reduce a man’s chances of conceiving. Aside from impacting fertility, a man’s sperm count and quality may also be linked to his overall health, including the potential for chronic health conditions.

How is Sperm Count Determined?

Sperm count and quality is determined by a semen analysis, which measures the amount and motility of sperm produced in a man’s ejaculate. A normal sperm count is considered to be at least 20 million sperm per milliliter of ejaculate, with average motility of at least 50 percent of the sperm.

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How Can a Low Sperm Count Impact Fertility?

Having a low sperm count can significantly reduce the chance of conceiving naturally. In some cases, even with a normal sperm count, the sperm are unable to swim as they should, which can also negatively affect fertility. Depending on the quality and quantity of sperm, a man may require medical assistance, such as assisted reproductive technology, in order to conceive with his partner.

Can a Low Sperm Count Affect a Man’s Health?

Studies have suggested that men with low sperm counts may be at an increased risk for certain chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers. Low sperm count may be caused by underlying health conditions, such as testicular and prostate cancer, or lifestyle factors, such as excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, or exposure to environmental toxins.

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What Steps Can a Man Take to Improve His Sperm Count?

If a man is having trouble conceiving or his semen analysis reveals that he has a low sperm count, there are a few lifestyle changes he can make to improve his chances of conceiving. Healthy weight maintenance is important for fertility, so a man should aim for a healthy body mass index. He should also minimize his exposure to environmental toxins, such as pesticides and chemical pollutants, as well as cut down on the amount of alcohol he consumes. Additionally, it’s important for a man to maintain healthy sexual habits, such as abstaining from tobacco use and sexually transmitted infections.

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Can Dietary Changes Improve Sperm Count?

The link between diet and fertility is still being studied, but it appears that some foods may be beneficial for sperm health. Eating a diet high in antioxidants, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains may improve male fertility. Additionally, ensuring that a man gets enough zinc, folic acid, and vitamin E may also help to improve sperm health.


Sperm count is an important factor in male fertility and can be linked to a man’s overall health. If a man is having difficulty conceiving, or if his semen analysis reveals a low sperm count, there are steps he can take to improve his fertility. Eating a healthy diet, reducing exposure to environmental toxins, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are all important for sperm health.