Sperm Production and Age: What to Expect as You Get Older

Sperm Production

and Health

As you get older, you may notice changes in a variety of aspects of your health, including your fertility. One factor that may be affected as an adult male ages is sperm production. In this post, we’ll explore what to expect from sperm production as you age and what it means for your health.

Semen Quality and Sperm Count for Older Men

As men become older, the quality of their semen tends to decrease. This is due to a reduction in sperm count and motility, as well as a higher rate of abnormal sperm production. Studies suggest that men aged 40 or older have a sperm concentration count of less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. This is less than the generally accepted ‘normal’ range of 15-20 million sperm per milliliter.

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Sperm production does not typically lessen drastically as men get older, but it does tend to become less efficient. Older men may experience a lower volume of ejaculate, which may have a more dilute quality. Additionally, the motility and sperm count can waver over time.

Health Risks Associated with Older Sperm and Fertility

Since men age, they face higher risks of infertility due to their lowered sperm quality and quantity. Older fathers are also more likely to have children with genetic or chromosomal mutations or disorders. In addition, older men are at greater risk of transmitting sexually transmitted diseases to their partners.

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It is important to talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about fertility or your overall health. They can provide guidance on how best to maintain your fertility and health as you get older.

Take Action to Improve Sperm Quality

There are steps men can take to improve their sperm production and quality. Quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, getting regular exercise, and eating a balanced diet can help improve fertility. Additionally, reducing stress levels, avoiding activities that increase the temperature of the testicles, and not using drugs can all help improve sperm quality. Taking supplements such as zinc and vitamin C may also help to improve sperm production and motility.

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It is also important to practice safe sex and talk to your doctor about any health concerns you may have. These steps may help to improve your fertility as you age.


Sperm production and quality tend to decrease as men age. Older men face higher risks of infertility and health issues. It is important to talk to a doctor if you have any concerns. Taking steps to improve sperm quality and count, including quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, and exercising regularly, may be beneficial for sperm health.