The Importance of Bone Density: Understanding the Basics

Importance Density

and Health

Having strong and healthy bones is an important part of maintaining overall wellbeing, as this provides both a structural support and mobility our body needs. In order to properly understand the importance of bone density and how it affects our health, it’s important to understand the basics first.

What is Bone Density?

Bone density, or bone mass, is the amount of mineral content in our bones. This is a measure of the amount of minerals such as calcium, phosphorous and magnesium that our bones contain. Bone density is an important factor to our overall health, as it has an influence on the strength of our bones.

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Risk Factors for Low Bone Density

There are a number of factors that can lead to a decrease in bone density, such as age, lifestyle, and medical conditions. These can include:

  • Age – Bone density naturally decreases with age, as bones become less mineralized with time.
  • Lifestyle – Smoking, drinking, and inadequate exercise are all factors that can lead to lower bone density.
  • Medical Conditions – Conditions such as diabetes, hormonal imbalances, and kidney problems can all lead to lower bone density.

The Risk of Low Bone Density

Having low bone density can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis, a condition where the bones become weak and fragile, increasing the risk of fractures. Osteoporosis is one of the most common bone diseases and affects almost half of all adults aged 50 or above. Women are particularly at risk of developing osteoporosis due to their naturally lower bone density than men.

How to Maintain Good Bone Density

Maintaining good bone density is key to avoiding conditions such as osteoporosis. Here are some ways to do that:

  • Exercise – Regular weight-bearing exercise can help to maintain strong bones. Exercises such as walking, jogging, and lifting weights have all been shown to be beneficial for bone health.
  • Diet – A healthy diet that is rich in calcium and vitamin D is essential for good bone health. Foods such as dairy products, nuts, and green leafy vegetables are all beneficial.
  • Supplements – Taking calcium and vitamin D supplements can help to supplement a healthy diet and promote bone health.


Good bone density is essential for overall health and wellbeing and is something that can be maintained through regular exercise, a healthy diet, and vitamin and mineral supplements. Understanding the risk factors and the importance of bone density is key to maintaining strong and healthy bones.