How Antithyroid Medications Can Effect Mental Health
When it comes to managing mental health and treating conditions related to thyroid problems, antithyroid medications can be a powerful ally. Mental health issues related to thyroid problems can range from mild depression to full-blown psychosis and the right medications can help provide relief. In this article, we take a comprehensive look at the effects of antithyroid medications on mental health and provide a guide to safe and effective use.
What Are Antithyroid Medications?
Antithyroid medications are drugs that are used to treat an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). The most common antithyroid medications are propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole (MMI). They work by inhibiting the production of hormones from the thyroid gland, thus decreasing the amount of thyroid hormones present in the body.
Mental Health Effects of Antithyroid Medications
When taken for long periods of time, antithyroid medications can have a number of effects on mental health. These can range from mild depression to full-blown psychosis if not monitored and managed carefully by a qualified healthcare provider. Other effects that may be seen include irritability, mood swings, anxiety, and difficulty concentrating.
Managing Mental Health with Antithyroid medications
The good news is that there are a number of steps that can be taken to help manage mental health while taking antithyroid medications. These include attending counseling, exercising regularly, avoiding alcohol and drugs, and discussing any side effects with your healthcare provider. Additionally, speaking with a mental health professional about any feelings of depression or anxiety can help.
The Benefits of Treatment with Antithyroid Medications
Although there are risks associated with long-term use of antithyroid medications, there are also a number of benefits. One of the most important is that these medications can help to control the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and reduce the risk of complications that can result from the condition. They can also help to reduce the size of an enlarged thyroid gland, as well as reduce some of the associated fatigue and anxiety.
Antithyroid medications can be an effective treatment for managing thyroid problems, however, it’s important to be aware of their impact on mental health. By working closely with a healthcare provider, monitoring mood, and taking steps to manage mental health while using these medications, it’s possible to enjoy the maximum benefits with minimal risks.