Antithyroid Medications: Safety and Side Effects You Should Know

Antithyroid Medications

and Health

Overview of Antithyroid Medications

Antithyroid medications are prescribed to treat hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. Antithyroid medications help reduce excess levels of the hormone, thereby relieving the symptoms of the condition. Common antithyroid medications include methimazole, propylthiouracil and potassium iodide.

Safety Measures

When considering taking antithyroid medications, it is important to discuss the potential risk factors and side effects with your doctor. As with any medication, there is a potential risk of developing a dangerous allergic reaction, so it is important that you are aware of the signs and symptoms to look out for. Other important safety measures to consider before taking any antithyroid medication include:

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Monitoring Your Weight

Weight gain can be a potential side effect of taking antithyroid medication, so it is important to monitor your weight regularly. Additionally, if taking any antithyroid medications for long-term, it is important to have regular blood tests and physical examinations to ensure that levels of the thyroid hormone remain at healthy levels.

Precautions When Taking Other Medications

Antithyroid medications can interact with other medications, including antibiotics, so it is important to discuss any potential risks with your doctor. Additionally, alcohol consumption can interfere with the effectiveness of antithyroid medications and should be avoided.

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Keep Up-to-Date With Regular Check-Ups

If taking any antithyroid medication for long-term, it is important to keep up-to-date with regular check-ups and blood tests. This will allow your doctor to monitor levels of the thyroid hormone and make any necessary adjustments.

Potential Side Effects

As with any medication, antithyroid medications can lead to potential side effects. Common side effects of taking antithyroid medications include nausea, headaches and dizziness. Additionally, some people may experience joint or muscle pain, heartburn, hair loss and diarrhea.

Developing Hypothyroidism

It is important to note that taking antithyroid medications for long-term can increase the risk of developing hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. As such, it is important to discuss any potential risks with your doctor before taking any antithyroid medication.

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Overall Health Effects of Antithyroid Medication

Taking antithyroid medications for hyperthyroidism can help to restore healthy levels of the thyroid hormone, therefore relieving symptoms of the condition. However, it is important to be aware of the potential side effects and safety measures that come with taking any antithyroid medication. Additional health effects will depend on how well-regulated the levels of the thyroid hormone are over time. Therefore, it is important to discuss any potential risks with your doctor and to keep up-to-date with regular check-ups and blood tests.