What Is Congenital Hypothyroidism?
Congenital hypothyroidism is a medical condition that occurs when a baby is born with an underactive thyroid gland. This condition is caused when the thyroid gland does not produce enough of the thyroid hormone which is necessary for normal growth and development. The thyroid hormone helps to regulate the body’s metabolism and is also involved in producing other hormones that play an important role in regulating the body’s systems. Without proper amounts of this hormone, babies born with congenital hypothyroidism may experience slowed physical development, delayed mental and social skills, and a range of health issues.
Symptoms Of Congenital Hypothyroidism
The most common symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism include:
- Poor feeding
- Excessive sleepiness
- Hoarse cry
- Inability to gain weight
- Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
- Delayed growth
These symptoms may be more severe in some cases and less severe in others. It is important to talk to a doctor if you suspect that your baby may have congenital hypothyroidism.
How Is Congenital Hypothyroidism Diagnosed?
Congenital hypothyroidism can be diagnosed through a simple blood test. The blood test will measure the levels of the thyroid hormone in the baby’s blood. If the levels of the thyroid hormone are too low, then the baby will be diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. It is important to diagnose congenital hypothyroidism as soon as possible, as early diagnosis and treatment are essential to ensure proper development.
Treatment Of Congenital Hypothyroidism
Congenital hypothyroidism can be treated with daily doses of the thyroid hormone. This can be in the form of a pill or liquid, and it will help to ensure that the baby is getting enough of the hormone needed for proper development. It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions for dosing and to make sure that the baby is taking the medication as prescribed.
Living With Congenital Hypothyroidism
Living with congenital hypothyroidism can be challenging, but it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions to ensure proper treatment and development. If the baby is receiving the correct dosage of the thyroid hormone, they should be able to grow and develop normally. Regular follow up appointments with the doctor are essential to monitor the baby’s progress and make any necessary changes to their treatment protocol.
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