Hyperthyroidism and Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

Hyperthyroidism Pregnancy

and its Effects on Health

Having a baby is one of the most exciting times in a woman’s life. But it can also come with some fears and concerns, including the risks that certain medical conditions can pose to both the mother and baby. Hyperthyroidism is one such condition that, if left untreated, can have serious health implications for both mother and baby. Let’s take a look at what you need to know about hyperthyroidism and pregnancy and the health risks involved.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland overproduces hormones. This can disrupt multiple body systems, eventually leading to an array of illnesses or, in extreme cases, death. Typically, hyperthyroidism is caused by an autoimmune condition which means that the body’s own antibodies attack healthy cells in the thyroid gland.

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How Can Hyperthyroidism Impact Pregnancy?

Hyperthyroidism can be very serious especially when pregnant, as it can cause premature delivery and low birth weight in babies. It can also increase the risk of preeclampsia, a potentially life-threatening condition that causes high blood pressure. In addition, hyperthyroidism can cause other conditions such as miscarriage or stillbirth.

What Signs And Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism Exist During Pregnancy?

During pregnancy, signs of hyperthyroidism are often subtle so it’s important to pay close attention to any unusual symptoms. Some common symptoms include:

  • Weight Loss – Unexplained weight loss despite an increase in appetite can be a sign of hyperthyroidism.
  • Fatigue, Anxiety, and Irritability – Hyperthyroidism can cause excessive fatigue, anxiety, and irritability in pregnant women.
  • Rapid Heartbeat – A rapid heartbeat can be a sign of hyperthyroidism in pregnant women.
  • Heat Intolerance – Feeling overly warm or hot even in mild temperatures can be a sign of hyperthyroidism.

How is Hyperthyroidism Diagnosed and Treated During Pregnancy?

If you suspect that you or someone you know may have hyperthyroidism during pregnancy, the first step is to see your doctor. Your doctor will likely take a blood sample to test for thyroid hormones. If the tests come back positive for an overactive thyroid, your treatment will vary depending on the severity of the condition.

In mild cases of hyperthyroidism, doctors may recommend taking medications to help regulate thyroid hormones in the body. Antithyroid drugs such as propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole (MMI) can help reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. In more severe cases, however, a more aggressive treatment may be necessary, such as radioactive iodine therapy or a thyroidectomy.

The Bottom Line On Hyperthyroidism and Pregnancy

Hyperthyroidism can be a serious condition during pregnancy and can cause significant health problems for both the mother and her baby if left untreated. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have hyperthyroidism, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. With the right diagnosis and treatment, pregnant women with hyperthyroidism can have healthy pregnancies and babies.

Keywords: Hyperthyroidism, Pregnancy, Symptoms, Treatment, Health, Effects, Diagnosis, Risks