What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a disorder that occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain hormones such as thyroxin and triiodothyronine. These hormones are responsible for regulating the metabolism. When the thyroid gland does not produce enough of these hormones, a person’s metabolism is slowed down, causing a variety of symptoms.

See also  thyroid

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism can cause a wide range of symptoms including:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Dry skin
  • Hair loss
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Constipation
  • Goiter
  • Muscle weakness
  • Brain fog
  • Cold intolerance

Causes of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors including:

  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Radiation treatment or surgery
  • Inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • Certain medications
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Poor nutrition
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Heavy metal toxicity

Treatment of Hypothyroidism

The most common treatment for hypothyroidism is replacement therapy with a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone called levothyroxine. This hormone is taken in a pill form to help regulate the body’s metabolism. Other treatments may include dietary changes, supplements and lifestyle modifications.

Preventing Hypothyroidism

The best way to prevent hypothyroidism is to monitor for any signs and symptoms of thyroid disorders, and to seek medical treatment if any are noticed. Additionally, it is important to get enough iodine in the diet, as well as to avoid unnecessary radiation exposure.


Hypothyroidism, Thyroid Gland, Metabolism, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Preventing, Levothyroxine, Diet, Supplements, Lifestyle Modifications, Iodine, Radiation, Signs

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