The Role of Surgery in Treating Graves’ Disease: When is it Necessary?

Surgery Treating

Graves’ Disease is an autoimmune disorder that impacts thyroid functionality and can cause an array of physical and emotional problems. While there are a number of ways to treat Graves’ Disease, such as medication or radioactive iodine, surgery can also be an effective way to treat and manage the condition.


When it comes to overall health and wellbeing, it’s important to understand the role of surgery in treating and managing Graves’ Disease. Surgery to remove part, or all, of the thyroid gland is an option and can be effectively used to reduce the hyperthyroidism (hyperactive thyroid) associated with Graves’ Disease. However, it’s not commonly recommended and is usually used as a last resort. This is because, unlike medications, surgery is an invasive procedure that carries certain risks.

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Advantages of Surgery for Graves’ Disease

Surgery is typically recommended as a treatment option when other treatments are not proving effective. It can also be beneficial if a patient experiences severe symptoms such as goiter, heart problems or eye complications. The advantages of surgery to treat Graves’ Disease include:

  • Immediate Results: Surgery for Graves’ Disease often leads to faster symptom relief than other treatments.
  • Reduced potential for side effects: Surgery is generally less likely to cause adverse side effects than medications.
  • Complete removal of the thyroid: Surgery can be used to remove the thyroid completely, which prevents any future issues or symptoms.
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Disadvantages of Surgery for Graves’ Disease

Although surgery can be a beneficial treatment for Graves’ Disease, it’s important to understand the potential drawbacks. This is because surgery carries certain risks, including pain, bleeding, and scarring. Additionally, surgery can often lead to the need to take thyroid hormone replacement therapy due to the removal of the thyroid. Other potential drawbacks include:

  • Cost: Surgery can be costly, especially if the patient is not covered by insurance.
  • Time: Surgery can require a significant amount of time in the operating room and recovery period.
  • Invasiveness: Surgery is a highly invasive treatment option and can often be uncomfortable for the patient.
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While there are some risks associated with surgery to treat Graves’ Disease, it can be a successful option depending on the individual patient’s situation. It’s important to consult with your doctor to determine if surgery is the best option for you and your health needs.