Thyroid and Pregnancy: What to Expect

Thyroid Pregnancy

and Health

Expecting a baby is a joyous occasion for any family and for many women, especially for those who already have thyroid problems, understanding how your thyroid and pregnancy interact is extremely important as it affects both maternal and fetal health. For pregnant women, understanding the impact of the thyroid and its hormones on pregnancy is especially important.

What is Thyroid Gland?

The thyroid gland is an important gland in the human body located in the neck, responsible for secreting various hormones into the bloodstream that control metabolism. It helps regulate the body’s temperature, breathing, and heartbeat.

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Thyroid and Pregnancy

When it comes to thyroid and pregnancy, it is important to understand that the female hormones during pregnancy can impact the production of thyroid hormones. During this period, the hormones made by the thyroid are essential for the development and growth of the baby.

Having too much or too little of thyroid hormones can lead to preterm deliveries and other associated complications like preeclampsia, postpartum depression, and other thyroid-related issues. However, when managed correctly, it can reduce the risk of both maternal and fetal complications.

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Treating Thyroid During Pregnancy

Treating thyroid during pregnancy is extremely important for a healthy gestation period. It is advised to get a proper checkup of your thyroid gland before and during the pregnancy period by a qualified doctor.

The most common form of thyroid treatment is with hormone replacement therapy. This involves taking synthetic thyroid hormones and in some cases, medications that can reduce symptoms of hypothyroidism such as fatigue and weight gain.

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However, it is best to get guidance from your doctor as self-medication is not recommended. An individualized assessment and adjustment of the treatment is helpful to maintain the balance and control any complications that could arise.


It is essential to understand the effects of thyroid and pregnancy for a healthy maternal and fetal outcome. When managed appropriately, it can reduce the risk of any maternal or fetal complications. It is important to consult a doctor for a proper assessment and treatment if required.
Thyroid, Pregnancy, Expectations, Health, Hormone Replacement Therapy.