The Basics of Thyroid Cancer Symptoms
Thyroid cancer can be a very serious medical condition, it is important to be aware of its symptoms so that a diagnosis and treatment can begin as quickly as possible. The good news is that most types of thyroid cancer are treatable when caught early.
Common Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer can present in different ways and it is important to pay attention to any changes in the body. Some of the most common symptoms of thyroid cancer include:
- A lump on the neck that does not move with finger pressure.
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing due to compression on the windpipe.
- Hoarseness or changes in voice
- Coughing for no apparent reason
- Pain in side of the neck
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck
Any of these symptoms should be discussed with a medical professional. If a lump is found, it is important to get it checked out even if other symptoms are not yet present.
Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer
Physical exam and imaging – A physical examination of the neck, followed by imaging scans such as MRI or CT of the neck, may be done to determine the size and location of the lump and any involvement of nearby structures.
Blood tests – Blood tests such as thyroglobulin levels and thyroid function tests may help in diagnosing and assessing the extent of the cancer.
Biopsy – A surgical biopsy may be necessary in order to make a definitive determination of the diagnosis.
Treatment of Thyroid Cancer
Treatment of thyroid cancer depends on the type, size and location of the tumor, as well as the patient’s age and overall health. The most common treatments include:
- Surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid.
- Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous cells.
- Hormone therapy to reduce levels of hormones in the body.
- Chemotherapy to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
Patients should discuss their treatment options with their doctor and find the best plan for them.
Key Takeaways for Thyroid Cancer Symptoms
Thyroid cancer can be a serious medical condition. It is important to be aware of the symptoms, such as a lump on the neck or difficulty breathing, and to speak to a doctor if they are experienced. Diagnosis of thyroid cancer may include physical examination, imaging, blood test and biopsy. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy.
KEYWORDS: Thyroid Cancer Symptoms, Lump on Neck, Difficulty Swallowing, Hoarseness, Coughing, Pain in Side of Neck, Swollen Lymph Nodes, Radiotherapy, Hormone Therapy, Chemo Therapy.