thyroid eye disease symptoms


What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease?

Thyroid eye disease, also known as Graves’ ophthalmopathy or Graves’ disease, is a type of inflammation and swelling of the orbital tissue located behind the eyes. It affects the eyes, the socket that surrounds them, the tear ducts and some muscles located behind the eyes. Symptoms typically appear in individuals over the age of 20 who have been diagnosed with Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder characterized by an overactive thyroid gland. The symptoms of thyroid eye disease vary from individual to individual, and can range from mild to severe.

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Common Symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease

  • Redness, dryness and watery eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Tired eyes
  • Diminished peripheral vision
  • Bulging eyes
  • Discomfort or irritation in the eyes when blinking
  • Double vision
  • Inflammation or swelling in or around the eyes
  • Generalized aching or burning sensation around the eyes
  • Eyelid swelling and/or stiffness

Complications of Thyroid eye disease

In some cases, thyroid eye disease can lead to more serious complications such as vision loss, corneal ulceration, and permanent displacement of the eyes. If left untreated, these complications can be debilitating, and may even require surgery to restore vision and prevent further damage.

Treating Thyroid Eye Disease

The most common treatment for thyroid eye disease is steroid therapy, which works to reduce the inflammation of the orbital tissues. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to reposition the eyes, reduce eye swelling, and relieve discomfort.

It is important to note that long-term management of Graves’ disease is essential to reduce the risk of recurrence of thyroid eye disease. If you have been diagnosed with Graves’ disease, speak to your doctor about ways to properly monitor the condition and treat any symptoms of thyroid eye disease that may arise.

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