thyroid nodules


What are Thyroid Nodules?

Thyroid nodules are abnormal growths within the thyroid gland. While most nodules are benign, they can occasionally be cancerous and should be monitored.

Symptoms of Thyroid Nodules

Most people with thyroid nodules do not have any noticeable symptoms. However, some people may feel a lump in their throat, develop difficulty swallowing, or experience hoarseness.

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Causes of Thyroid Nodules

Nodules may develop for various reasons, including:

  • Biopsy of the neck
  • Congenital hypothyroidism
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Genetic syndromes
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules

If your doctor suspects you have thyroid nodules, he or she may order a physical exam, blood test, ultrasound, or biopsy.

Treatment Options

Treatment of thyroid nodules depends on their size and whether or not they are cancerous. Small, noncancerous nodules can generally be left alone and monitored by an experienced physician. Larger nodules may require surgery or other forms of treatment.

Thyroid Nodules: Key Takeaways

  • Thyroid nodules are growths within the thyroid gland that can be benign or cancerous.
  • Most people with thyroid nodules do not have any symptoms.
  • Causes of thyroid nodules include biopsies, congenital hypothyroidism, radiation exposure, and hormonal imbalances.
  • A doctor may order a physical exam, blood test, ultrasound, or biopsy to diagnose thyroid nodules.
  • Treatment of thyroid nodules depends on their size and whether or not they are cancerous.
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