thyroid removal

All About Thyroid Removal Surgery

Thyroid removal surgery, also known as a thyroidectomy, is a procedure in which the entire thyroid gland is removed. The thyroid is a gland located in the throat, just below the Adam’s apple, and it produces hormones that regulate metabolism and other bodily functions. If the gland is not functioning correctly, it can become overactive or underactive and cause serious complications, so removal is often the best option.

Causes for Thyroid Removal Surgery

Thyroid removal surgery may be recommended in a number of different situations, including:

  • Goiter: A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid, usually caused by an iodine deficiency. Surgery is usually the best option for treating goiters.
  • Thyroid cancer: If a patient has thyroid cancer, the entire gland will need to be removed.
  • Thyroid nodules: Thyroid nodules are benign lumps that form in and around the thyroid, and removal of the affected area can help to prevent them from becoming cancerous.
  • Thyroiditis: Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid, and removal of the gland may be necessary in some cases.

Types of Thyroid Removal Surgery

There are two main types of thyroid removal surgery:

  • Subtotal thyroidectomy: This type of surgery is typically used when only part of the organ needs to be removed. It is minor and may not require general anesthesia.
  • Total thyroidectomy: This type of surgery is more invasive and involves the removal of the entire thyroid gland. It is done under general anesthesia.

Preparing for Thyroid Removal Surgery

Before having a thyroidectomy, your doctor will likely order some tests to ensure you are healthy enough for the surgery. These tests may include blood tests, urine tests, X-rays and scans.

Risks and Complications of Thyroid Removal

Like with any surgery, there are risks associated with thyroid removal surgery, including the risks of anesthesia, bleeding and infection. In some cases, removal of the gland can cause complications, such as damage to the nerve that controls the voice box, or hypothyroidism, which is an underactive thyroid.

Recovery After Thyroid Removal

After a thyroidectomy, it is important to rest and follow the doctor’s instructions for recovery. The patient may need to take medication to regulate their metabolism and other functions. In some cases, the patient may also require additional treatments, such as radiation or drug therapy.


Thyroid removal surgery is a major procedure, but it is often necessary to address a number of thyroid-related problems. It is important to discuss all of the risks and complications of the surgery with your doctor before making a decision. With proper preparation and recovery, thyroid removal surgery can be a safe and successful procedure.

Keywords: thyroid removal surgery, thyroidectomy, goiter, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, subtotal thyroidectomy, total thyroidectomy, blood tests, X-rays, scans, nerve damage, hypothyroidism, radiation, drug therapy.

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