The Basics of Thyroid Health

The thyroid is an endocrine gland in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, and development. Because the thyroid can have a variety of issues, it is important to have a basic understanding of its function and learn how to take care of it.

See also  thyroid hormone

What is the Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. It produces and releases a hormone known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) into the bloodstream. These hormones regulate metabolism, which is the way the body processes energy from food.

What are the Functions of the Thyroid?

The thyroid gland has two main functions:

  • To produce thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism, growth, and development.
  • To regulate the body’s use of iodine, a chemical element necessary for normal thyroid functioning.

What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Issues?

There are a variety of symptoms associated with thyroid issues, which can range from mild to severe. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained Weight Gain
  • Sensitivity to Cold
  • Hair Loss
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Memory Loss
  • Difficulty Concentrating

How to Take Care of Your Thyroid?

There are several steps you can take to help keep your thyroid healthy, such as:

  • Eating a balanced diet;
  • Exercising regularly;
  • Avoiding exposure to toxins;
  • Reducing stress;
  • Getting enough rest;
  • Limiting caffeine and alcohol intake; and
  • Taking a multivitamin and mineral supplement.

It is also important to get regular checkups with a healthcare professional to monitor your thyroid health. Some tests that may be required include blood tests to check hormone levels, imaging scans, and physical examinations.


  • Thyroid
  • Hormones
  • Metabolism
  • Fatigue
  • Weight Gain
  • Cold Sensitivity
  • Hair Loss
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Memory Loss
  • Difficulty Concentrating
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Toxins
  • Stress
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Multivitamin
  • Healthcare Professional
  • Blood Tests
  • Imaging Scan
  • Physical Examinations
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