what is thyroid

What is Thyroid?

Thyroid is an important part of the human body as it produces hormones that regulate metabolism. A healthy thyroid is important in keeping an individual functioning normally and feeling well. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. The two lobes of the thyroid are connected by the isthmus. The main hormones produced by the thyroid are triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)

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Types of Thyroid Disease

  • Hypothyroidism: is when the thyroid is not producing enough hormones
  • Hyperthyroidism: is when the thyroid is producing too many hormones
  • Goiter: is the term used when the thyroid becomes enlarged
  • Thyroid Nodules: are lumps of tissue in the thyroid
  • Thyroid Cancer: is a condition which occurs when abnormal cells form in the thyroid

Symptoms of Thyroid Problems

Symptoms of thyroid problems can vary but they can include:

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Irregular periods
  • Heat intolerance
  • Difficulty sleeping

Diagnosing Thyroid Problems

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of a thyroid problem, you should speak to your doctor. Your doctor will be able to carry out tests to diagnose any issue with your thyroid. These tests may involve:

  • A physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound Scans
  • Biopsy

Treating Thyroid Problems

The treatment for thyroid problems depends on the cause and the severity of the condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Medication
  • Surgery
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy

Keywords: thyroid, hormones, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter, nodules, cancer, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.

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