Chronic Venous Disease in Athletes: Risks and Treatment Options

Chronic Venous

Chronic Venous Disease in Athletes: Risks & Treatment Options for Optimal Health

Chronic Venous Disease (CVD) is a common problem, with athletes being particularly susceptible to developing this condition. There are various symptoms associated with the disorder, including painful and swollen legs and a feeling of heaviness or burning in the legs. If untreated, CVD can cause ulcers, infections, and skin discoloration.

What is Chronic Venous Disease?

CVD is a condition in which venous insufficiency causes the accumulation of pressure in the veins located in the lower extremities, resulting in an inability to return blood back to the heart. Common risk factors for developing the disease include age, a history of high blood pressure, smoking, pregnancy, and trauma to the lower extremities.

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Risk Factors for Athletes

Athletes, in particular, are especially prone to developing CVD because of their physical activity. High-intensity sport, repetitive motion, and long periods of uninterrupted physical activity can significantly increase the risk of CVD. Compression gear while playing also plays a role in compressing the veins and increasing the risk of CVD.

Treatment Options to Combat CVD

The primary objectives of CVD treatment are to reduce symptoms, improve circulation and decrease the chances of recurrent ulcerations. Treatment is typically tailored to an individual’s needs and may include lifestyle changes, compression stockings, medications, and surgery. Treatment should focus on relieving symptoms and reducing the risk of further complications.

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Lifestyle Changes

Making some changes to your lifestyle is often recommended to reduce the symptoms caused by CVD. This can include regular exercise to help improve circulation, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding prolonged periods of standing or sitting. Regular physical activity is particularly important for athletes in order to maintain good vein health.

Compression Stockings

Compression stockings are designed to help reduce discomfort and swelling in the legs caused by CVD. These stockings help to increase circulation in the lower extremities by applying pressure to the legs, allowing the blood to more conveniently flow back to the heart.

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Medication & Surgery

Medications such as diuretics may be prescribed to reduce swelling in the legs and prevent further complications. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve pressure in the veins and improve blood flow to the heart.


With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, athletes can work to reduce the risk of developing chronic venous disease. While the risk may be higher for athletes, it is important to be mindful of a healthy lifestyle to keep your veins healthy and reduce the chances of developing this condition.

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