What is Venous Insufficiency?
Venous insufficiency is a medical condition that occurs when the veins in the body do not function properly. This can cause symptoms such as swelling and pain in the legs, feet and ankles. In some cases, it can lead to more serious complications, such as ulcers, skin damage, and even infection. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of venous insufficiency, so that it can be diagnosed and treated early.
How to Diagnose Venous Insufficiency
Diagnosing venous insufficiency can be done through a physical examination as well as a series of tests. During the physical examination, the patient will be asked to describe their symptoms and the physician may examine the patient’s lower legs and feet.
In addition, certain lab tests such as a doppler ultrasound and venogram may be ordered to measure blood flow, vein size, and any blockages in the veins. The venogram is an imaging test that uses dye and X-ray to create images of the veins in the legs.
Preventing Complications and Health Risks
The most important part of treating venous insufficiency is prevention. People who are at risk of developing venous insufficiency, such as those who are overweight or are more prone to sitting or standing for long periods of time should take steps to improve their circulatory health. This can include exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and wearing compression stockings.
If venous insufficiency is already present, lifestyle changes and medications may be necessary to reduce the severity of symptoms. Elevation of the leg above the heart and regular exercise may also help reduce symptoms.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove damaged veins and increase blood flow. This should be discussed with a medical professional.
Venous insufficiency is a common condition that can lead to serious complications if not treated properly. The key to preventing further complications is early diagnosis and treatment. Be sure to talk to your doctor if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, so that they can diagnose your condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment.