What are Vaginal Varicose Veins?
Vaginal varicose veins, often referred to as vulvar varicosities, are abnormally swollen veins that can present around the labia, vagina and perineum, which is the area between the anus and the vulva or scrotum.
Most of these veins are not visible on the skin and become symptomatic when they increase in size and cause pain or discomfort in the area. Normal veins contain one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward, while varicose veins have faulty valves, causing the blood to remain in the vessel and stretch it out.
Causes of Vaginal Varicose Veins
The main cause of vaginal varicose veins is increased pressure on the veins in the lower body’s area, which can be caused by pregnancy, pelvic tumors, or constipation. Other factors that can contribute to the condition include obesity, lack of exercise, jobs that require prolonged standing and sitting, age, and genetics.
Symptoms of Vaginal Varicose Veins
The most common symptoms of vaginal varicose veins include achy, heavy legs, discomfort in the pelvic area, and protruding or twisted veins around the vulva. In some cases, patients may also experience bleeding from the affected area as well as itchy or irritated skin.
Diagnosis and Treatment Options for Vaginal Varicose Veins
The diagnosis for vaginal varicose veins is usually made after careful evaluation of the medical history and symptoms. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may order additional tests such as an ultrasound, computed tomography scan, or magnetic resonance angiography.
Treatment options for vaginal varicose veins depend on the patient’s individual case and the severity of their symptoms. Non-invasive treatments such as rest, compression garments, and elevating the legs may be recommended as well as oral medications or minimally invasive procedures such as sclerotherapy.
- Vaginal Varicose Veins: abnormally swollen veins that can present around the labia, vagina and perineum
- Causes: pregnancy, pelvic tumors, constipation, obesity, lack of exercise
- Symptoms: achy, heavy legs, discomfort in the pelvic area, protruding or twisted veins
- Diagnosis: medical history, ultrasound, CT scan, MRA
- Treatment: rest, compression garments, elevating the legs, oral medications, sclerotherapy