vulvar varicose veins images

What Are Vulvar Varicose Veins?

Vulvar varicose veins are enlarged, swollen and twisted veins found on the external female genitals. These veins, also known as perineal veins, are located on the labia or on the vulva and sometimes become unnecessarily large, which can cause discomfort or pain.

How Do Vulvar Varicose Veins Look?

Vulvar varicose veins can range in size and color. Often, vulvar varicose veins look like swollen, dark blue, web-like clusters of veins, similar to those found in the legs.

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What Causes Vulvar Varicose Veins?

Vulvar varicose veins are caused by a weakened or damaged vein wall that allows blood to pool, creating an enlarged, twisted vein. This is often the result of increasing age and hormonal changes, although in some cases, the cause may not be clear.

Symptoms of Vulvar Varicose Veins

Common symptoms of Vulvar Varicose Veins include:

  • Visible twisting of veins
  • Pain and/or sensations of tightness or pressure in the affected area
  • itching and discomfort
  • swelling
  • fatigue

Treatments for Vulvar Varicose Veins

Treatment options for Vulvar Varicose Veins can include the following:

  • Lifestyle Changes: exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, elevate legs whenever possible and avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time.
  • Medical Treatments: in some cases, a doctor may recommend medications such as diuretics or compression stockings.
  • Surgeries: if the case is severe and more conservative treatments fail to improve symptoms, a doctor may recommend surgery to remove the enlarged veins.

No matter which treatment option you choose, it’s important to be sure to discuss all available options with your doctor and determine the best course of action for you.


Vulvar varicose veins can be a source of discomfort and can be embarrassing for individuals affected by them. Fortunately, there are steps that can be taken to reduce their appearance and alleviate symptoms. Through lifestyle changes, medications and/or surgery, it is possible to diminish the effects of vulvar varicose veins. If you believe that you may be experiencing symptoms of vulvar varicose veins, consult your doctor to discuss your treatment options and be sure to look up vulvar varicose veins images to better understand what these veins look like.

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