What Is Chronic Venous Insufficiency and How Is It Treated?

Chronic Venous

What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?

Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a common medical condition, characterized by poor circulation in the veins of the legs. CVI is caused by abnormal pooling of blood in the veins due to damaged or faulty valves in the veins. This results in problems such as swelling of the lower legs, pain and cramping. Over time, if left untreated, CVI can lead to more serious health problems like skin discoloration, ulcers and deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

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How is Chronic Venous Insufficiency Treated?

Fortunately, there are a number of treatments available for CVI including lifestyle changes, medications and minimally invasive procedures. Compression stockings, lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding long periods of standing or sitting are recommended for mild CVI. Medication may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation and pain.

In more serious cases, minimally invasive procedures such as venous angioplasty and sclerotherapy may be required to reduce vein blockages or pressure and permanently seal damaged veins. If there is a risk of ulcers or infection, other types of treatments such as laser ablation and endovascular procedures may be recommended.

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How Does Chronic Venous Insufficiency Affect Health?

CVI should not be overlooked as it can lead to serious health complications. If left untreated, CVI can lead to venous ulcers, skin discoloration and infection. In severe cases, it can also increase the risk of pulmonary embolism, a potentially life-threatening condition in which a blood clot travels through the veins to the lungs.

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It is important to seek medical attention for CVI as early as possible in order to avoid serious health complications. Treatment is often most successful when started early, before any serious damage has occurred. Consulting with a healthcare professional is the best way to determine the appropriate treatment for your condition.

Keywords: Chronic Venous Insufficiency, CVI, vein blockages, venous ulcers, sclerotherapy, venous angioplasty, endovascular procedures, compression stockings, lifestyle modifications, medications, laser ablation