Oral Medications for Asthma: What You Need to Know

Medications Asthma

Asthma is a chronic lung condition characterized by recurrent episodes of difficulty in breathing. In some cases, people with asthma may need to take oral medications to help control their symptoms and prevent further episodes. In this article, we will discuss what you need to know about oral medications for asthma, their potential side effects, and how to properly take them.

Types of Oral Medications

There are several types of oral medications that can be used to treat asthma. These include: corticosteroids, bronchodilators, leukotriene modifiers, and theophylline. Each of these medications work in different ways and can be used to treat different types of asthma. It is important to speak with your doctor to determine which medication may be best for you.

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Potential Side Effects

All medicines can have side effects, and oral medications for asthma are no exception. Some of the potential side effects of oral medications for asthma include:

  • Weight gain: Corticosteroids, such as prednisone and dexamethasone, can cause weight gain.
  • Gastrointestinal problems: Oral medications for asthma can cause upset stomach, abdominal pain, and heartburn.
  • Dizziness: Some bronchodilators, such as albuterol, can cause dizziness.
  • Mental health problems: Prolonged use of certain corticosteroids can cause mental health problems such as depression or anxiety.
  • Decreased bone density: Long-term use of certain corticosteroids can lead to a decrease in bone density.

How to Take Oral Medications

For most oral medications, it is important to take them as prescribed by your doctor. Do not miss any doses or stop taking your medication without speaking with your doctor first. Make sure to read the instructions on the medication label carefully to ensure you are taking it correctly. Keep your medication in a cool and dry place and do not share it with anyone.

Health Benefits of Oral Medications for Asthma

Oral medications for asthma can provide many benefits to those living with the condition. They can help to control symptoms, reduce the number of asthma attacks, and improve lung function. Long-term use of these medications can also help to reduce the risk of severe asthma attacks, as well as improving quality of life.


Oral medications are an important part of managing asthma. It is important to understand the different types of oral medications, the potential side effects, and how to take them correctly. You should discuss all medications with your doctor before taking them, and to make sure that they are right for you. With the right treatment, asthma can be managed effectively.