alopecia definition

What is Alopecia Defintion

Alopecia is the medical term for any type of hair loss. Alopecia can range from mild shedding to complete baldness over the entire body. While this condition is commonly seen in people, it can also be seen in animals. It is not limited to any specific age group or gender, and can affect anyone at any time.

Types of Alopecia

There are several different types of Alopecia, including:

  • Alopecia Areata: Alopecia Areata is the most common form of Alopecia. It is an autoimmune condition, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles. This type of Alopecia presents itself with small, round, hairless patches across the scalp and body.
  • Alopecia Totalis: Alopecia Totalis involves the complete loss of hair on the scalp. It can affect both men and women, and is believed to be linked to an immune system disorder.
  • Alopecia Universalis: Alopecia Universalis is the most extreme form of Alopecia, in which the person affected will suffer from complete loss of hair over their entire body.

Symptoms of Alopecia

The main symptom of Alopecia is hair shedding. This shedding may differ between individuals, with some noticing noticeable hair loss, while others may experience just a small amount of shedding.

As well as hair loss, other physical symptoms may include:

  • Itching or burning sensation on the scalp.
  • Small, round patches of hair loss on the scalp or other parts of the body.
  • Thinning of the hair.
  • Reddened scalp.
  • Fatigue.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Alopecia

If you think you may be suffering from Alopecia, it is important to seek medical advice. Diagnosis of Alopecia can involve a physical examination of the scalp, as well as a series of blood tests.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment options can include medications such as topical steroids, Minoxidil and immunosuppressants. Other treatments can include light therapy, psychotherapy, or hair transplants.

It is important to remember that Alopecia is not curable, but it can be treated and managed successfully.


  • Alopecia definition
  • Types of Alopecia
  • Symptoms of Alopecia
  • Diagnosis and treatment of Alopecia
  • Alopecia Areata
  • Alopecia Totalis
  • Alopecia Universalis
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